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Anatomy of an Engagement Ring – Understand the Parts of a Ring

Anatomy of an Engagement Ring – Understand the Parts of a Ring

August 16, 2022| 5 Minutes Read

When selecting a new ring and when determining when your current ring may require repair, understanding the anatomy of an engagement ring will help you make a better choice. It’s also a great method to demonstrate to your pals your extensive understanding of jewelry terminology.

We are here to assist you in choosing the ideal engagement ring for your significant other, even if it may seem like a difficult undertaking. Here is a comprehensive guide on all the many factors to take into account when buying that special ring. Learn about the numerous forms of rings, the holding mechanism for the center stone, the size of a ring, various jewelry words, and more.

Diamond Ring Design Guide

It might be overwhelming to start looking for the ideal engagement ring. Along with the wide range of ring styles, it can be difficult to understand the strange jewelry jargon used in names and descriptions.

This ring design guide was developed to help you choose your jewelry more easily and to help you and your jeweler better explain your ring preferences. The ring you choose will be on your finger forever, after all. We’ve included a graphic dictionary on the anatomy of a ring to help you learn the terms for the many components.

1. Upper Parts of Ring


The head (or crown) is the next feature that sits at the very top of the ring. It has a variety of designs, including prong, bezel, and channel heads. Depending on where the stone is set in the ring, these heads appear differently. The area of the ring right below the head that is covered by the center stone is referred to as the gallery. The gallery typically has embellishments attached, which may be simple or quite ornate. The gallery also contains the gallery rail, which is a crucial component of the ring’s framework since it strengthens the prongs and aids in keeping the center stone in position. As a result, some jewelers also call the gallery rail the “basket.” While not all rings have gallery rails, those that do occasionally have valuable stones set in them, enhance the aesthetic attractiveness of the band.

Head of a Diamond Engagement Ring SHOULDER

The shoulder of the ring is on its side. These are the upper two sides of the shank, which slope in the direction of one another and converge in the middle. The ring head is thus supported by the two shoulders. Accent stones are frequently placed on each shoulder to enhance the brilliance of the design.

Shoulder of a Diamond Engagement Ring GALLERY

This is the portion of the ring that wraps around the top of the finger at the back. There is typically more space between your finger and the stone in rings with large stones because the gallery is typically larger.
The space between the gallery rail and the bridge is known as the gallery. In traditional designs, this space is simply left unfilled, enhancing the visibility of the center stone. It’s a widespread misconception that keeping this space open will let more light shine on the center stone, making it glitter more brilliantly. This is false because diamonds reflect light coming in from above back to the eye. So feel free to customize this section by adding some filigree or other Design Elements.

Gallery of a Diamond Engagement Ring BRIDGE

The portion of the ring that rests on top of your finger is called the bridge. Make sure this region is pleasant to wear, take off and put on, and that there are no rough edges. Engravings or tiny pave’ diamonds are frequent additions to this area’s embellishments.

What is a Bridge of a Diamond Engagement Ring? ACCENT STONES

These are the tiny diamonds, sometimes known as “melees,” that embellish the shank of a ring and add additional brilliance and carat weight. The bridge, gallery rail, and head prongs are additional locations where accent stones are employed. Think about the way these stones are set. They will glitter even more with a good scallop or fishtail. Check out our collection of hidden accent engagement rings

What are accent stones of a Diamond Engagement Ring? PRONG

A prong is a tiny metal tip or bead that secures the diamond or gemstone. Prong settings, like the Tiffany setting, often have 4 to 6 prongs keeping the center stone firmly in place on the head of the ring. Prong settings enable the stone to interact with light and seem big and bright.

What are prongs of a Diamond Engagement Ring? CENTRAL STONE

Since it is frequently the largest stone in a ring, the “center stone” is the one that is most easily recognized. A diamond, colored gem, or moissanite traditionally serves as the center stone and is the focus of attention. The center stone may be displayed in a variety of setting methods.

What is a central stone in an engagement ring? SIDE STONES (OPTIONAL)

You will pay more if you select a setting with side stones, such as the 3-Stone setting, but you will also benefit from additional sparkle and more overall diamond carat weight. For a more harmonious overall design, be sure to select side stones that are the same color, clarity, and form as the center stone. Check out our collection of side-stone engagement rings.

What are side stones in an engagement ring? HALO (OPTIONAL)

Even though a halo may be regarded as a component of the head, it merits its mention. A halo is a row or rows of tiny diamonds, often known as “melees,” that surround the focal point. Any ring with this lovely addition will glitter significantly, and it also has the bonus of making your center stone appear larger than it is. Think about the way these stones are set. They will glitter even more with a good scallop or fishtail. Check out our collection of halo diamond engagement rings.

Halo Engagement Ring

2. Mid And Lower Parts of The Ring


A shank is what? Is it a crucial component of the ring? What distinguishes a ring’s depth from its profile? Discover the components of an engagement ring, the anatomy of a ring, and the technical names for each component by reading our guide. To properly discuss your preferred finger jewelry with your jeweler, you may also utilize the diagrams to become familiar with the various components of a ring setting.
The section of the ring that surrounds the finger is the shank, which is often referred to as the band. The band, on the other hand, is a term used by many jewelers to describe the entire ring that wraps around the finger, instead of just the upper and lowers shanks. According to the design, shanks also differ. Check out our collection of Shaped Shank Rings.

What is a shank of a Diamond Engagement Ring? Parts of Shank

The “shank,” or band, is one of the key components of an engagement ring. While laypeople refer to it as a band, jewelers frequently use the term “shank.” The terms “split-shank” and “split-band” can be used interchangeably. The shank is the round component that encircles the finger.

The main band designs contain:

Similar width

A band layout where the width stays constant. Equal-width bands can be extremely thin, creating a stark size difference between the ring and the center stone. The main stone’s aesthetic impact is maximized by the size contrast. Tri-Wire Tri-Wire shanks have a design that is reminiscent of the past. Early in the 20th century, artisans produced these bands. A tri-wire band lends itself to designs that incorporate it with other old components like a vintage halo, a vintage center stone, etc. because of its ancient past. A Tri-Wire shank is a great example of the benefit of handcrafted jewelry as cast versions cannot match handcrafted versions that are built with three different wires of precious metal.

Different types of shanks of a diamond ring Shank split

Bands with split-shank designs taper as they get closer to the center stone and split off from one another. Split Shanks might come from a single, delicate band, as in the case of the Anne-Marie Halo Solitaire, or from two different bands that are joined together, as in the case of the Donna Split Band. Split bands can be a good way to give a design a unique touch, while they are normally suggested for larger center stones in solitaire or with halo designs. Based on the idea that a split band can overwhelm a smaller focal stone, this is done.

Shank Split Engagement Ring Knife Edge

Cutting Edge Knife Edge bands have two band sides that meet at an angle from one another. Knife Edge bands can be angled toward one another at sharp or shallow angles. Knife Edge bands with a shallow profile are typically more comfortable.

Knife Edge of an Engagement Ring Tapered Band

Striped Band Designs with tapered shanks have a band that gradually gets wider as it gets closer to the center stone. This width progression creates a lovely picture that draws the attention gradually toward the center stone.

Tapered Band of an Engagement Ring Reverse Taper

Backward Taper With a reverse taper, the band gets gradually narrower as it gets closer to the center stone. Reverse tapered bands are a great technique to vary the width of a band while still allowing the engagement ring’s main stone to be the focal point.

Reverse Taper of a Ring Multi-Shank

Multi-Shank patterns consist of two or more bands joined together with a tiny airline or space in between. Multi-Shank designs are normally made with two bands and a void in the middle, but larger center stones can also be set in three-band variations. Generally speaking, multi-Shank designs are larger than single-Shank motifs. Because of the negative space or airspace between the bands, this wider band is a great technique to make the band appear more substantial on the finger without making it look clunky.

Multi Shank diamond engagement ring

Check out our Glossary of Terms to learn more about widely used terms for diamond rings and jewelry. Also, Dimend SCAASI is one of the best jewelry stores in Chicago.